hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial blood pressure. Based on multiple readings (blood pressure determination), hypertension is currently defined as when systolic pressure is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when diastolic pressure is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

Endpoint definition

FinnGen phenotype data
diagram bullet diagram downward connector

Filter registries Inpat., Oupat., Death, KELA purch., KELA reimb.

Hospital Discharge: ICD-10 I10-I15, I67.4
Hospital discharge: ICD-9 4019X|4029A|4029B|4039A|4040A|4059A|4059B|4372A|4059X
Hospital discharge: ICD-8 400|401|402|403|404
Cause of death: ICD-10 I10-I15, I67.4
Cause of death: ICD-9 4019X|4029A|4029B|4039A|4040A|4059A|4059B|4372A|4059X
Cause of death: ICD-8 400|401|402|403|404
KELA reimbursements: KELA codes 205

Check pre-conditions None

Include endpoints None

Check conditions None

Apply sex-specific rule None

diagram downward connector I9_HYPTENS

Extra metadata

Level in the ICD hierarchy C
First used in FinnGen datafreeze DF2

Similar endpoints

Summary Statistics

Key figures

All Female Male
Number of individuals 67991 33414 34577
Unadjusted prevalence (%) 26.15 22.74 30.58
Mean age at first event (years) 56.24 56.36 56.13


Follow-up Absolute risk HR [95% CI] p N
1998–2019 0.03 2.09 [1.93, 2.25] 1.5e-78 10654
15 years 0.02 2.26 [2.11, 2.42] <1e-100 8064
5 years 0.00 3.58 [3.31, 3.86] <1e-100 3507
1 year 0.00 8.37 [7.35, 9.53] <1e-100 1444


Index endpoint: I9_HYPTENS – Hypertension
GWS hits: 118

Survival analyses between endpoints


before Hypertension
after Hypertension

loading spinner Loading survival analyses plot